AID POLICY: Best and worst funded humanitarian appeals

UN Undersecretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Valerie Amos launched the biggest Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) ever in its 20-year history in Geneva on 30 November, asking donors for a total of US$7.4 billion in humanitarian funding for 2011 to provide assistance to 50 million people in 28 countries.

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The 2011 appeal involved input from a record 425 aid organizations and asked member states to consider the humanitarian needs of a record number of beneficiaries. This appeal underscores the growing number of actors involved at every stage of humanitarian funding – planners, practitioners, donors and recipients.

Among the highlights of the 2011 CAP are the inclusion of more natural disasters, an emphasis on the two “mega-disasters” in Haiti and Pakistan in 2010, and a recognition that while some humanitarian emergencies – such as last year’s humanitarian crisis in Uganda – may have come to an end, vulnerabilities in other countries and regions are growing. This year’s appeal also introduces a new Gender Marker tool meant to address the distinct humanitarian needs of women, girls, boys and men.

Topping the list in terms of humanitarian funding requirements for 2011 is Sudan, making this the country’s seventh year in a row as the humanitarian emergency with the biggest price tag. In the wake of the January 2010 earthquake and subsequent crises, Haiti is in second place, followed by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in third.

The 2011 appeal takes note of continued gaps and discrepancies in funding, suggesting that Consolidated Appeals have tended to receive better funding than Flash Appeals and other types of appeals.

A brief look at the top 10 best and worst funded appeals of the decade provides a snapshot of the gaps in funding that persist.

Best funded appeals of the decade

  1. Lebanon Crisis 2006 (123% of US$96,520,410)
  2. Great Lakes Region and Central Africa 2003 (121% of US$115,327,113)
  3. Southern African Region Preparedness and Response Plan 2008 (111% of US$26,430,016)
  4. Kenya 2006 (105% of US$35,252,275)
  5. Timor-Leste 2006 (103% of US$24,236,207)
  6. Madagascar Flash Appeal 2008 (100% of US$18,838,643)
  7. Yemen Floods Response Plan 2008 (100% of US$5,113,261)
  8. Chad 2007 (100% of US$277,415,892)
  9. Angola 2004 (96% of US$136,020,262)
  10. Great Lakes Region 2004 (96% of US$85,461,521)

Worst funded appeals of the decade

  1. Zambia Floods Flash Appeal 2007 (12% of US$8,852,453)
  2. Zimbabwe 2004 (14% of US$90,045,002)
  3. Republic of Congo 2000 (17% of $US719,289,617)
  4. Swaziland 2002 (18% of US$11,292,618)
  5. Lesotho 2002 (20% of US$5,532,050)
  6. Zimbabwe 2002 (21% of US$50,965,458)
  7. Burkina Faso Floods Flash Appeal 2007 (21% of US$5,967,000)
  8. Somalia 2001 (22% of US$140,442,999)
  9. Zambia 2003 (22% of US$14,503,757)
  10. Philippines 2004 (23% of US$6,395,635)

Food has consistently been one of the best-funded sectors over the past decade, topping the list nine times out of 10 since 2000. Shelter and non-food items, economic recovery and infrastructure, mine action and safety and security of staff and operations have been among the worst funded sectors this decade.

Theme (s): Aid Policy,

[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]