LEGAL PERSPECTIVE: Regularization of artificial intelligence (AI) Part 1 by Dr AbdelGadir Warsama Ghalib, Principal Legal Counsel, Bahrain

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Dr AbdelGadir Warsama Ghalib, Principal Legal Counsel, Bahrain

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the ultimate result of the IT revolution which have started towards the end of last century. We have benefited from this revolution in many sectors including, education, research, arts, science, social life, trade, culture and more e-inventions are yet to come. The IT revolution, in its new shape, have started by using the internet, computer software and, thereafter, young minds helped in creating new tech companies like Google, Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, and many others and more to come in the pipeline. All of them, have opened new routes enabling technology to grow and expand in all areas and all directions. The result of such expansion is the birth of the fourth (4th) industrial revolution”, which is based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques.

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The emergence of Artificial Intelligence plays a great role in new technological inventions structured and totally engineered to enable machines to undertake many tasks in line or in replacement of human beings. There is real full replacement for humans in certain cases. Here comes the problem, as the intelligence of human mind will be replaced by a machine dubbed by artificial intelligence. This revolution could end-up in bundles of idle people, some of them could be very qualified. Therefore, need arises for certain regulations to cater for new human resources strategies. Many NGOs and concerned entities including the international labor organization (ILO), have raised many concerns regarding the “machine” or the new job masters and their strong competitive privilege.

There are many examples of such e-machines with their engineered artificial intelligence, such as robots. Certain robots are used in some instances to help in medical surgeries. Others, robots working as a counter staff in banks or service companies, solely or to perform instructions given by clients. Robots are employed as TVs presenters, as inspectors or fixers of tiny items in many industries or sensitive entities. Some are utilized in other dangerous duties including detection of mines or other hidden metals or poisonous liquids, and so on in the high air or the bottom of oceans or others.

What alerts is the role of robots in medical surgeries and or in other instances dealing directly with the body of humans. Irrespective of such role, any mistake is irreparable and could happen. If, robots are mistaken in cars industry, for example, on discovery of any mistake the edition cars will be called back at the cost of the company with big apology to consumers. However, if there is a robot mistake in a surgery, we can’t call the deceased person from the grave. Yes, as mission has already been accomplished irrespective of the result.

Due to occurrence of such instances, grave and fatal risks there is strong genuine need for special laws to govern and regularize this work and, moreover, to streamline such e-duties with the aim of boosting technology and preserving human lives at the same time. The technology has gone remarkably to employ robots, such efforts are fully welcomed and respected, however, necessary legislations are required to regulate and legalize such new medical employees, e-doctors, e-nurses and medical e-tasks.

To be continued…

Dr. AbdelGadir Warsama Ghalib is the Founder & Principal Legal Counsel at Dr AbdelGadir Warsama Consultancy